Last Updated on March 01, 2020
With the modern architectural advances and the scavenging factor for small spaces available today, contemporary homeowners are resulting in incorporating basements for their homes. These basements will integrate common rooms which include laundry quarters and washing rooms to offer occupants with diversity on living space. Among all the space in the basement, the bathroom is the most integral part. Why you might ask? Well, this is because water from the bathrooms needs to be exhausted from the main system from time to time.
But considering that most drainage systems are ground level, you have to find means to get the underground water waste pumped out to the main system.
How can you do this?
This can only be done by introducing a mechanism or machine which will aid in pumping the waste matter to the ground level mains sewage system. An example of this machine is the sewage ejector pump. By installing this machine then you can automatically discharge water waste sludge from your basement bathroom to the main pipes hassle-free.
What’s a sewage ejector pump?
A normal ground level drainage system will involve gravity to ensure that sludge flows to the sewage deposit pit. A sewage ejector pump is a machine that aids in providing gravitational force from a low point to the ground level to help sewage exit to the mains drainage. This pump is mostly used by homeowners with basement bathrooms to aid in water waste drainage. But that doesn’t mean it is limited to its operation.
What is the function of a sewage ejector pump?
The main function of the ejector pump is typically to provide the gravity when wastewater is being transported, from the basement bathroom to the ground level drainage system. It is imperative to note that this sewage sludge can come from a basement bathroom or laundry room or both. Hence, using the pump-up ejector system, wastewater can be pumped from a sump or an underground basin to the ground level system.
Can you install an Ejector Pump on your own?
It is possible for you, as a homeowner to install an underground water waste injector pump by yourself. By following the step by step instructions and precautions specified by the manufacturer, then, installing a sewage ejector pump is very conceivable. You don’t need to look for precise experts for this plus if you can do it by yourself, it saves you a lot of monetary resources that would be used otherwise.
Maintenance of a Sewage Ejector Pump
Just like any other machine, maintenance should always be a priority. The sewage ejector pump should be properly looked after for it to serve you in the best way possible. According to many experts, every year you should undertake a maintenance exercise on your sewage ejector pump. But how do you maintain an ejector pump?
Here is a point to point description on how you can best maintain your sewage ejector pump.
- Immerse the ejector pump from the sump bin and properly clean it using a hose to remove all the waste.
- Then, check its oil level to ensure that it is well lubricated.
- Clean all the vents involved in the plumbing of the sewage ejector pump.
- Make sure that all the impellers are clear from sewage matter.
- Inspect for any possible physical damage on the ejector pump.
- Replace the damaged parts if any.
- Make sure that all seals are tightened enough after the maintenance.
What Happens When the Sewage Water is not Properly Drained from your Basement Bathtub?
There are detrimental effects for not properly draining sewer water from your basement regardless of the draining means in your home. You should understand this to ensure that you have full realization of the drawbacks of not installing a sewage pump ejector in your basement bathroom. Here are some problems caused by not installing a sludge pump ejector.
- Overflowing of the waste sludge in the basement.
- It can lead to blockage of the drainage system.
- Backdating of sewerage in the sewer pipes.
- The odor from the sewage that can cause health problems.
- When sewage settles in one place for long, it can lead to the spread of waterborne diseases.
- The water waste may end up flowing back to the bathrooms and sinks.
Step by Step Guide on How to Install a Sewage Ejector Pump in Basement.
The sewage ejector pump.
This is the main function required when it comes to installing a sewage ejector for your basement. You should identify the best ejector pump on the market while at the same time understanding its features and how it functions.
Its sump basin.
The sump basin is the manhole where the water from the bathroom or laundry room drains to. It’s more of a storage tank for the wastewater. Therefore, you should make sure that the sump basin is dug according to the required measurement and the finishing should be perfect.
A vent pipe.
A vent just like the name suggests is meant to offer ventilation for the sump basin. This is vital in the principle workings of the sewage ejector pump. Why? Given that the ejector pump uses pressure to enable wastewater to flow out the pipe, a vent pipe is needed. This works as a medium that allows air pressure, which is proportional to the amount of water sludge ejected from the sump basin. The pump works through the Pascal principle.
Another use for the vent pipe is to provide an escape route for the bad odor that comes from the sump tank. This allows your basement to have fresh air.
The sludge outlets
When undertaking the plumbing work, make sure that you get the right measurements for the piping outlets. The outlets should be big enough to cover the manhole covers piping holes provided and this allows the sewage to flow easily. Most covers will have two or three inches wide outlet holes.
The check valve is meant to stop the sewage or sludge from flowing back to the tank. It is recommended by many plumbers since, when also doing maintenance the check valve can stop wastewater from flowing back.
The source of power is another important factor to consider since the sewage ejector pump requires power to function. Therefore, make sure that you have a source of power installed in your basement and it should be close to where the cord can reach.
Steps by Step tutorial on Installing a Sewage Ejector Pump
Installing a sewage ejector pump is a task that you can do by yourself. This can save you a lot of money and while helping you gain some experience. Here is a step by step tutorial on installing a sewage ejector pump.
Step 1 - Mount the sump basin.
The recommendations on the circumference and height of the sump basin are usually provided by the manufacturer. For the circumference, it is usually determined by the size of the sump cover. The sump basin is usually done before the plumbing works and other installations. Hence, for a perfect sump basin, make sure that you get all the measurements correct to deter yourself from redoing the work. The pit will usually measure 30-inches deep.
Step 2 - Piping the pump system
Piping is a vital part of this installation. Take consideration of all the piping connections. This may include the vent and the discharge connection. For the discharge point on the pump, you will need a two-inch threaded male adapter which allows you to have a slip indirect fix with the discharge pipe. No Teflon tape needed at this point because the pump will be immersed in the tank and leakage is a non-issue.
The discharge PVC should be long enough with at least 3 inches above the basin cover. This enables you to connect your check valve and the discharge connection on the main drainage.
Step 3 - Setting the ejector pump
Properly place the ejector pump of your choice in the sump basin and tie it to the discharge pipe to minimize the movement of the pump. A tip to consider is keeping the pump far from the inlet and you can choose to place it behind the discharge pipe. The aim here is to have the float switch far away from the inlet pipe to avoid heavy matter from directly clogging the float switch.
Step 4 - Installing the basin cover
Here, make sure that when you put the basin lid on, the bolt holes are parallel to each other. Also, the pipes coming out of the sump basin should properly fit the holes on the lid cover. The cover will usually have three holes, one for a vent pipe, another for a drainage pipe and one for the electrical cords. With the basin lid, you are provided with kits which include a gasket, three grommets, and screws.
The grommets will fit the three holes on the lid, two for the pipes and one for the power cords. Place the gasket in the inner lip basin cover since this ensures that it is completely sealed. Before you rip off the gasket make sure that the tank lip is clean for it to stick properly. A point to note is to keep the cords from sagging inside the sump tank you can tie the cords to the breather pipe to keep it from interfering with the operations of the float switch.
You will also get three more gaskets for the different holes on the basin cover. With gaskets, you are assured that no gas will escape the cover to your basement.
Step 5 - Connecting the Grommets on the Pipes and Cords
In step five, we will install the grommets around the pipes and cords. The cord grommet has two holes which are split into either side and this enables the cords to slip through the hole easily. After, push the grommet firmly on the cover holes until they stick to the basin lid. For the pipes grommets, make sure you place the gasket first before the grommet.
After, fit the bolts and washers provided to you by the manufacturer on the holes which you will find on the basin cover. To protect the screws and bolts from rust, you can use the anti-seize lubricant which you can find at your home hardware.
Step 6 - Fitting the check valve
The check valve mainly stops wastewater from flowing back to the tank. You can buy one from your home depot and it’s recommended to install the valve horizontally. On top of the check valve, you can also fix a ball valve. This provides you with a point to disconnect the flow of sludge while stopping the waste from reversing back to the check valve. This comes in handy if you want to repair or replace your pump.
With the above information, if you follow the step by step instructions on how to install a sewage ejector pump in a basement, you will realize how easy it is. Also, put into consideration that a sewage ejector pump can last for at least 8 years and the check valve plus ball valve can last for about 5 years. Therefore, to be on the safe side, you should make a complete replacement every 5 years or when the need arises.